23 February 1813 Birth of Franz Delitzsch, Christian Hebraist, translator of the New Testament, and supporter of Messianic Judaism #otdimjh

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Franz Delitzsch (Leipzig, February 23, 1813 – Leipzig, March 4, 1890) was a German Lutheran theologian and Hebraist. Born in Leipzig, he held the professorship of theology at the University of Rostock from 1846 to 1850, at the University of Erlangen until 1867, and after that at the University of Leipzig until his death. Delitzsch wrote many commentaries on books of the Bible, Jewish antiquities, Biblical psychology, a history of Jewish poetry, and Christian apologetics.

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He defended the Jewish community against anti-Judaic attacks and translated the New Testament into Hebrew. In 1880 he established the Institutum Judaicum in Leipzig for the training of missionary workers among Jews.

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Today, Delitzsch is best known for his translation of the New Testament into Hebrew. In 1873 the British and Foreign Bible Society commissioned Franz Delitzsch to prepare a translation of the New Testament into Hebrew. Delitzsch agreed and set to work utilizing his extensive knowledge of mishnaic Hebrew and first century Judaism to create a translation and reconstruction of the Greek text back into an original Hebrew voice. His reconstructing translation was completed in 1877. After the first edition, it went through extensive review and revision for the next 13 years. The final edition was published in 1890 under the care and supervision of Gustav Dalman. Today it has been republished by Vine of David.

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Delitzsch also collaborated with Johann Friedrich Karl Keil on a commentary series which covers the whole of the Old Testament and is still in print, having first appeared in 1861. Delitzsch contributed the commentaries on Book of Job, Psalms, Book of Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, and Book of Isaiah. Independent of the commentary series collaboration with Keil, Delitzsch wrote a commentary on the book of Genesis originally published by T & T Clark in 1888. Klock and Klock published a 1978 reprint of the English translation by Sophia Taylor.

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Delitzsch was a supporter of the Messianic movement, giving his name to the work of Joseph Rabinowitz in Kishinev when he set up the “Israelites of the New Covenant” community and congregation.

His son, Friedrich Delitzsch (1850–1922), was an influential Assyriologist and author of works on Assyrian language, literature, and history.

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Today the Institute for Israelogy awards the Franz Delitzsch prize to those who make significant contributions to the study of Yeshua, his people Israel, and the Church.

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Prayer: Thank you, Lord, for the work of your servant Franz Delitzsch, and his gifts of scholarship that opened up to Christians deeper understanding of the Scriptures, and helped Jewish people read the New Testament in Hebrew. May there be bridge-builders today between Jews and Christians, who help both to see the nature of the Good News of the Messiah Yeshua, the true bridge between you, our Creator, and all your Creation. In Yeshua’s name we pray. Amen.

http://vineofdavid.org/resources/dhe/the-delitzsch-hebrew-gospels/

https://www.facebook.com/pages/Franz-Delitzsch/125266054154794

https://www.facebook.com/video.php?v=1528811532895&set=vb.125266054154794&type=2&theater

http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/lookupname?key=Delitzsch%2C%20Franz%2C%201813-1890

http://vineofdavid.org/videos/delitzsch-hebrew-gospels/the-life-of-franz-delitzsch.html

http://www.lutherischebeitraege.de/Uschomirski_Die-Wiederentdeckung.pdf

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/5063-delitzsch-franz

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Delitzsch

Familie

Franz Julius Delitzsch wurde als Sohn des Händlers, Handarbeiters und Tagelöhners Johann Gottfried Delitzsch und der Susanna Rosina, geb. Müller, in Leipzig geboren. Er war das jüngste von drei Kindern seiner Eltern, darunter das einzige, das das frühe Säuglingsalter überlebte.

Dass Delitzsch trotz der kleinen Verhältnisse, aus denen er stammte, Schule und Universität besuchen konnte, verdankte er dem jüdischen Antiquar Lewy Hirsch, den er seinen “Wohltäter von Jugend an” nannte. Der jüdische Händler wohnte in demselben Haus und stand der Familie Delitzsch nahe.

Franz Delitzsch ist der Vater des bekannten Assyriologen Friedrich Delitzsch (1850-1922), der den Babel-Bibel-Streit auslöste.

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Nach seinem Theologiestudium wurde Franz Delitzsch Professor für Altes Testament an den Universitäten Leipzig (1844), Rostock (1846), Erlangen (1850) und schließlich wieder in Leipzig (1867) und galt als großer Kenner der rabbinischen Literatur.

Franz Delitzsch hat Zeit seines Lebens viele auch bis heute noch bedeutende Projekte initiiert und mitgeprägt. Dazu gehört u.a. das “Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum”, welches er 1886 zusammen mit einem Leipziger Pfarrer gründete. Das Ziel dieses Instituts war es, die Judenmission auf der Welt mit theologisch-wissenschaftlicher Arbeit zu unterstützen.

Ein anderes Projekt war seine Übersetzung des Neuen Testaments ins Hebräische, damit Juden mit dem Neuen Testament und mit Jesus Christus vertraut werden konnten. An dieser Übersetzung arbeitete er 51 Jahre lang.

Ein drittes großes Projekt war die Kommentierung des Alten Testaments, die er zusammen mit seinem Kollegen Karl Friedrich Keil erarbeitete. Diese Reihe wurde später als die “Keil-Delitzsch-Reihe” bekannt und ist vor allem für ihre philologische Genauigkeit berühmt.

About richardsh

Messianic Jewish teacher in UK
This entry was posted in otdimjh and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to 23 February 1813 Birth of Franz Delitzsch, Christian Hebraist, translator of the New Testament, and supporter of Messianic Judaism #otdimjh

  1. Jim says:

    Reblogged this on Zwinglius Redivivus and commented:
    Well how nifty. The anniversary of his birth, that is.

    Like

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